Thursday, 28 March 2013

YORKSHIRE. Lock-ups at Holme on Spalding Moor, Wath on Dearne, Rotherham and Wakefield.

This lock-up at Holme on Spalding Moor in The East Riding of Yorkshire, is situated at Workhouse Farm, Howden Road, YO43 4BT and is now PRIVATE PROPERTY.
This interesting round tower building dates to c1790 and was for use with women from the adjacent workhouse. There was a similar structure for men which has been demolished.


OS Grid Reference: SE8083636794
OS Grid Coordinates: 480836, 436794
Latitude/Longitude: 53.8211, -0.7735

Photo courtesy of Peter Higginbotham

I am grateful to Peter Higginbotham for allowing me to copy this photograph.

It was Grade 11 listed 28.8.1987 (No.164982) and described as :

Lock-up. C1790. Brick in Flemish bond, plain tile roof. Circular on plan and approximately 5 metres in height. Small slit windows to upper part of wall. Dentilled cornice.

Source: English Heritage
Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.



The two storey parish lock-up at Wath on  Dearne in South Yorkshire has been converted
into a dwellinghouse whilst retaining many of its previous characteristics, and is now 
PRIVATE PROPERTY. It is situated at 27 Thornhill Place, S63 6SL and dates to c.1800.
The lock-up was on the ground floor with constable's accomodation above.
OS Grid Reference: SE4316800871
OS Grid Coordinates: 443168, 400871
Latitude/Longitude: 53.5028, -1.3506
The lock-up has been fully renovated as a private house, whilst retaining many
of its original characteristics, by the present owner Mark Benton
The lock-up before it was renovated.
It was Grade 11 listed 10.10.1973 and described as :
Photo by rotherhamweb with thanks
Lock-up. Early C19. Coursed, rock-faced sandstone; stone slate roof.
Small, 2-storey building in rugged style. Plinth; deeply-coursed
ground-floor walling. Gable front: studded oak door in porch with
monolithic jambs and pediment-shaped monolithic slab roof. Window
above (now bricked-up) has rock-faced sill and lintel. Heavy rock-faced
kneelers and gable copings. End stack to left. Damaged roof. Rear:
stair projection with separate doorway and slab roof.

Interior: 2 cells with ashlared walls pierced by small light holes.
Stone toilet to each cell. Constable's room on 1st floor has fireplace '.

Source: English Heritage
Listed building text is Crown copyright. Reproduced under licence.

Postcards of the lock-up prior to conversion to dwelling


Website relates :
  The lock up was built around 1800.
It was used by constable to provided secure temporary accommodation until drunks and troublemakers could be moved to Rotherham.
 It comprised two small, windowless, stone cells, whose separate padlocked doors lay immediately behind a nail-studded front door. It has a stone staircase at the back which led up to the constable’s simple room above the cells.
William Woollen was constable in 1849.
The last village constable was William Thomas in the mid-nineteenth century.
Their duties as Constable were extensive, paying lame soldiers of the parish and making sure wandering beggars did not become a burden on the village.
It is believed that the Parish lock up was not used after 1837.
In 1881 a 52 year-old widow, Rose Awty, lived in the lock-up. Her husband William had been a licensed hawker. He was a local man but Rose was born in Burton on Trent.
In 1922 Charles Godfrey Woodhead rented the top floor from Mr. Blackburn of Thornhill and wanted to “turn this into a habitable cottage” .

The solid stone porch has been retained

Cell door still in use

The constables fireplace has been retained

With many thanks to present owner Mark Benton for allowing me to copy photographs and information from his web site

This lock-up at Rotherham in South Yorkshire, was situated in the Chapel of Our Lady (Bridge Chapel), Bridge Street, S60 1RB which dates to 1483 and is a Grade 1 listed building. The chapel was used as a lock-up in 1779 before becoming a private house in 1826. The doors to the lock-up are still preserved in the undercroft.
Photo by Stanley Walker on Geograph
 © Copyright Stanley Walker and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence
The chapel was Grade 1 listed 19.10.1951 and described as :
Bridge chapel. 1483, exterior restored 1924, interior restored 1980. Deeply-coursed, ashlar sandstone; roof not visible. Small gable-entry building set on north side of Rotherham Bridge (q.v.).  Interior: unimproved undercroft with remains of cell doors. C20 interior. Probably founded by Archbishop Thomas Rotherham. In 1483 John Bokying bequeathed 3s 4d to the fabric of the chapel to be built on Rotherham Bridge (Hey). Used as an almshouse before serving as town jail in 1779 (doors preserved in undercroft), used as private house from 1826 but became tobacconist's shop from 1888-1913. Reconsecrated 1924. D. Hey, 'Rotherham Bridge', Archaeological Journal, vol 137, 1980, p430. P. F. Ryder, Medieval Buildings of Yorkshire, 1982, p82 (plate).
Source: English Heritage
Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.
This lock-up at Wakefield in  West Yorkshire, was also situated in a chantry chapel on the old bridge over the River Calder on the A61, WF1 1US.  It is also Grade 1 listed and dates to the mid 14th century. Together with Rotherham it is one of only four such bridge chapels remaining in the country.
At the Dissolution the chapel fell into secular use and was variously used for commercial purposes.
Although details are sparse, at some stage it became a lock-up when the small crypt was used as a cell and the main body of the chapel was used by the constable.


 OS Grid Reference: SE3382320140
OS Grid Coordinates: 433823, 420140
Latitude/Longitude: 53.6766, -1.4894

Photo by Roy Pledger

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